DRAFT - DRAFT
NOTE: Paragraphs, tables, etc are marked if they have not been reviewed by certain knowledgeable colleagues in the CMP project.  When a portion of this document is reviewed, the attached "not reviewed" marker will be removed. -- RET & LP.

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Species of Amanitaceae of the Chirichahua Mountains 
& from other sites in Arizona & New Mexico -- a preliminary list

Rodham E. Tulloss1 and Lindsay Possiel
1P. O. Box 57, Roosevelt, New Jersey  08555-0057, USA
email: 1ret@njcc.com

This data is largely derived from collections made during the Chiricahua Mycoflora Project (CMP) organized by Drs. John Menge and Florence Nishida and extending over the years 1989 - 1999?.  All taxa found during the CMP are marked with the project's acronym.  [ not reviewed ]

Other major sources of information are various versions of an unpublished Ms. on the genus Amanita that was drafted by the late Dr. A. H. Smith.  One or more of these copies is deposited in the herbarium of the University of Michigan (MICH).  RET also expresses his gratitude to Dr. Nancy Weber and the late Dr. O. K. Miller, Jr. who were sources for photocopies of pages from two version of the Ms. in question.  The entries based on the Smith Mss. are marked "A. H. Sm."


Habitat: The taxa found during the CMP are annotated with codes (A-E) indicating the ecotypes in the Chiricahua Mountains in which each taxon was collected.  The definitions of the codes follow:  [ not reviewed ]

A (JQP) Oak, juniper, pinon pine (1576-1818 m elev.)
B (QPJ, Riparian) Riparian; oaks, pines, juniper, sycamore, walnut, cottonwood, yucca (1636-1939 m)
C (MDE) Mixed deciduous hardwoods & conifers; oaks, pines, some Pinus arizonica, Pseudotsuga menziesii (1879-2424 m)
D (MC) Mixed conifers, numerous P. arizonica, P. menziesii (2485-2758 m)
E (PC) Aspen and mixed conifers (above 2600 m)

A  
B  
C D


TAXONOMIC LISTINGS

Links to listings for sections of Genus Amanita: Amanita  Vaginatae  Lepidella  Amidella  Phalloideae  Validae
Links to listings for sections of Genus Limacella: Lubricae
 

Genus Amanita
Subgenus Amanita
(spores inamyloid)
Section Amanita -- Fruiting body developing in eccentric position (above center) in primordium; hence, stipe with a bulb at the base; lacking a saccate volva.  Although data is absent for several taxa, all taxa in this group should be suspected of containing ibotenic acid, muscimol, or similar compounds.  All photographs for this section taken by R. E. Tulloss.
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1. 3.
  

  1. muscaria subsp. flavivolvata Singer (CMP (B-D).  Spores: [1017/51/40] (7.5-) 9.0 - 12.8 (-19.0) (5.5-) 6.5 - 8.5 (-11.5) m, (L = (8.9-) 9.4 - 12.1 (-14.6) m; L = 10.8 m; W = (6.6-) 6.9 - 8.2 (-8.4) m; W = 7.6 m; Q = (1.11-) 1.26 - 1.67 (-2.23); Q = (1.29-) 1.31 - 1.65 (-1.95); Q = 1.42).  [ image 1 ]

  2. pantherina sensu auct. amer. (Spores: (8.8-) 9.8 - 14.2 (-16.5) (5.5-) 6.5 - 9.2 (-11.0) m, (Q = 1.43 - 1.59 (-1.80).)

  3. xylinivolva Tulloss, Ovrebo, & Halling (CMP (C-D) Spores [including from isotype and paratypes]: [568/28/16] (6.2-) 8.0 - 10.2 (-12.2) (5.2-) 7.2 - 9.5 (-10.8) m, (L = (8.5-) 8.6 - 9.5 (-9.8) m; L = 9.1 m; W = 7.9 - 8.8 (-9.3) m; W = 8.4 m; Q = (1.0-) 1.02 - 1.18 (-1.39); Q = 1.05 - 1.11 (-1.15); Q = 1.09).)  [ image 3 ]

    4.   5.
  4. species AZ7 (CMP (A-E) Spores: [60/3/3] (8.2-) 8.9 - 11.2 (-12.8) (5.7-) 6.6 - 8.2 (-9.2) m, (L = 9.3 - 10.2 m; L = 9.9 m; W = 6.9 - 7.7 m; W = 7.4 m; Q = (1.11-) 1.18 - 1.46 (-1.60); Q = 1.33 - 1.36; Q = 1.34).) [ image 4 ]

  5. species AZ16 (CMP (B).  Spores: [20/1/1] (9.9-) 10.1 - 12.3 (-14.3) (6.0-) 6.6 - 7.9 (-8.2) m, (L = 11.9 m; L = 11.9 m; W = 7.3 m; W = 7.3 m; Q = 1.43 - 1.83 (-1.96); Q = 1.63; Q = 1.63).) [ image 5 ]

  6. species Barrows 978 (A. H. Sm.  Spores: 10 - 13 9 - 10 m; est. Q = 1.2).

  7. species Barrows 1517A (A. H. Sm.  Spores: 10.8 - 12.6 7 - 8.5 m; est. Q = 1.5).

  8. species Barrow 19-1973 (A. H. Sm.  Spores: 10 - 12.5 8 - 9.5 m; est. Q = 1.3).

Section Vaginatae -- Universal veil saccate and membranous or originally saccate, but friable or becoming friable and then pulverulent to submembranous and eventually graying/ darkening entirely or on either the inner or outer surface of the volval remnants.  
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  1. barrowsii A. H. Sm. ex Tulloss nom. prov. (A. H. Sm.   Spores: [120/6/1] (7.8-) 8.8 - 11.1 (-13.0) (6.2-) 8.0 - 10.2 (-11.0) m, (L = 9.4 - 11.0 m; L = 10.2 m; W = 8.3 - 9.7 m; W = 9.0 m; Q = (1.02-) 1.05 - 1.25 (-1.47); Q = 1.11 - 1.18; Q = 1.14). )

    10.
  2. chiricahuana Tulloss nom. prov. (CMP (C-D).   Spores: [60/3/3] (9.5-) 10.2 - 13.2 (-14.0) (8.5-) 9.0 - 11.8 (-13.0) m, (L = 11.6 - 11.8 m; L = 11.7 m; W = 10.3 - 10.8 m; W = 10.5 m; Q = (1.03-) 1.04 - 1.20 (-1.25); Q = 1.09 - 1.14; Q = 1.11).) [ image 10 ]

    11. 12.
  3. cochiseana Tulloss nom. prov. (CMP (A, C-D) Spores: [200/10/6] (8.2-) 9.0 - 11.9 (-13.6) (6.0-) 6.5 - 8.1 (-9.4) m, (L = (9.5-) 9.7 - 10.8 m; L = 10.2 m; W = 6.9 - 7.5 (-7.8) m; W = 7.3 m; Q = (1.09-) 1.25 - 1.57 (-1.78); Q = 1.40; Q = 1.40).) [ image 11 ]

  4. mobilimanica Tulloss nom. prov. (CMP (A-E) Spores: [360/18/11] (7.7-) 9.2 - 11.8 (-15.0) (6.1-) 8.4 - 10.5 (-14.0) m, (L = (9.4-) 9.7 - 11.2 (-11.3) m; L = 10.5 m; W = (8.5-) 8.9 - 9.9 (-10.0) m; W = 9.4 m; Q = (1.0-) 1.05 - 1.22 (-1.32); Q = (1.08-) 1.09 - 1.15 (-1.18); Q = 1.12).) [ image 12 ]

    13. 14.

  5. nishidae Tulloss nom. prov. (CMP (A-D).  Spores: [160/8/8] (9.0-) 10.4 - 13.3 (-14.8) (8.0-) 9.8 - 12.6 (-13.6) m, (L = 11.1 - 12.6 (-12.8) m; L = 11.9 m; W = 10.4 - 11.7 (-12.0) m; W = 11.1 m; Q = (1.0-) 1.03 - 1.13 (-1.23); Q = (1.05-) 1.07 - 1.10; Q = 1.08).) [ image 13 ]

  6. populiphila Tulloss & E. Moses (Spores: [1160/58/23] (7.0-) 9.2 - 12.5 (-21) (6.0-) 8.5 - 11.5 (-15.8) m, (L = (10.0-) 10.1 - 11.9 (-12.3) m; L = 10.9 m; W = (8.9-) 9.1 - 10.7 (-11.1) m; W = 9.8 m; Q = (1.0-) 1.04 - 1.20 (-1.61); Q = (1.06-) 1.08 - 1.15 (-1.19); Q = 1.11).) [ image 14 ]

    15. 16.

  7. vetinummus Tulloss nom. prov. (CMP (C?, D-E) Spores: [80/4/3] (8.2-) 8.5 - 12.5 (6.5-) 7.2 - 10.2 (-11.5) m, (L = 9.7 - 11.8 m; L = 10.7 m; W = 8.4 - 9.4 m; W = 8.9 m; Q = (1.06-) 1.11 - 1.39 (-1.54); Q = 1.16 - 1.26; Q = 1.20).)   [ image 15 ]

  8. species AZ3 (CMP (D) Spores: [20/1/1] (9.8-) 9.9 - 12.0 (-13.6) (8.9-) 9.1 - 10.9 (-12.2) m, (L = 10.8 m; L = 10.8 m; W = 10.0 m; W = 10.0 m; Q = (1.02-) 1.03 - 1.15 (-1.19); Q = 1.09; Q = 1.09).) [ image 16 ]

  9. species AZ14 (CMP (A-B, D).  Spores: [120/6/4] (8.4-) 9.4 - 12.8 (-14.7) (6.3-) 6.6 - 9.4 (-12.2) m, (L = 10.9 - 11.6 m; L = 11.3 m; W = 7.9 - 8.6 m; W = 8.2 m; Q = (1.14-) 1.23 - 1.60 (-1.84); Q = 1.32 - 1.47; Q = 1.39).)

  10. species AZ15 (CMP (B) Spores: [81/2/2] (10.0-) 10.8 - 13.8 (-17.5) (5.8-) 6.5 - 9.0 (-13.0) m, (L = 11.7 - 12.6 m; L = 12.1 m; W = 7.3 - 7.9 m; W = 7.6 m; Q = (1.23-) 1.43 - 1.84 (-2.28); Q = 1.60; Q = 1.60).)

    19.

  11. species AZ18 (CMP (D-E).  Spores: [40/2/2] (10.5-) 10.8 - 14.0 (-16.5) 10.0 - 12.0 (-14.2) m, (L = 12.0 - 12.1 m; L = 12.0 m; W = 11.0 - 11.1 m; W = 11.0 m; Q = (1.03-) 1.04 - 1.15 (-1.20); Q = 1.09; Q = 1.09).) [ image 19 ]

  12. species Barrows 619 (A. H. Sm.  Spores: (11.0-) 11.3 - 14.1 (-15.2) (7.8-) 8.0 - 10.1 (-10.2) m; Q = 1.37).

  13. species Barrows 972 (A. H. Sm.  Spores: 10 - 13 9 - 11 m; est. Q = 1.15).

  14. species Barrows 1013 (A. H. Sm.  Spores: 9.0 - 12.5 m in diameter).

  15. species Barrows 1030 (A. H. Sm.  Spores: 10 - 14 9 - 11 m; est. Q = 1.20).

  16. species Barrows 1090 (A. H. Sm.  Spores: 10 - 14 m in diameter).

  17. species Barrows 1519B (A. H. Sm.  Spores: 10.5 - 13 8 - 9.5 (-10.0) m; est. Q = 1.34).

  18. species Barrows 2081 (A. H. Sm.  Spores: 10 - 13 9 - 11 m; est. Q = 1.15).

  19. species J.D. Shields, Jr. (A. H. Sm.  Spores: 10.0 - 12.5 (-14.5) (8.2-) 8.5 - 11.0 (-12.5) m; Q = 1.19).

  20. species NM1 (Spores: [60/2/1] (10.0-) 10.8 - 14.2 (-16.5) (7.5-) 7.8 - 9.5 (-10.2) m, (L = 12.0 - 12.5 m; L = 12.2 m; W = 8.5 - 8.6 m; W = 8.6 m; Q = (1.22-) 1.31 - 1.61 (-1.89); Q = 1.40 - 1.47; Q = 1.42).)

    29. 31.

  21. species NM2 (Spores: [20/1/1] (8.0-) 8.8 - 11.0 (-12.9) (6.8-) 7.0 - 9.0 (-11.0) m, (L = 10.0 m; L = 10.0 m; W = 8.2 m; W = 8.2 m; Q = 1.11 - 1.39; Q = 1.23; Q = 1.23).) [ image 29 ]

  22. species NM6 (Spores: [20/1/1] (10.1-) 10.6 - 13.2 (-14.3) (7.2-) 7.7 - 9.9 (-) m, (L = 11.7 m; L = 11.7 m; W = 8.6 m; W = 8.6 m; Q = (1.11-) 1.20 - 1.55 (-1.83); Q = 1.37; Q = 1.37).)

  23. species NM7 (Spores: [20/1/1] 9.0 - 11.5 (-13.5) 6.5 - 8.0 (-8.5) m, (L = 10.3 m; L = 10.3 m; W = 7.3 m; W = 7.3 m; Q = (1.26-) 1.27 - 1.53 (-1.60); Q = 1.42; Q = 1.42).) [ image 31 ]

Subgenus Lepidella
Section Amidella  
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             32.

  1. species AZ25 (CMP (D).  Spores: [20/1/1] (10.5-) 10.8 - 14.0 (-14.5) (5.0-) 5.2 - 6.2 (-6.5) m, (L = 12.0 m; L = 12.0 m; W = 5.7 m; W = 5.7 m; Q = (1.81-) 1.83 - 2.42 (-2.55); Q = 2.10; Q = 2.10).) [ image 32 ]
     

Section Lepidella  
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  1. eremites Tulloss nom. prov. (Spores: [80/4/1] 9.2 - 11.2 (-12.0) (7.2-) 7.8 - 9.0 (-10.2) m, (L = 10.2 - 10.4 m; L = 10.3 m; W = 8.2 - 8.3 m; W = 8.3 m; Q = (1.03-) 1.15 - 1.34 (-1.39); Q = 1.24 - 1.25; Q = 1.25).)

    34. 35.

  2. macerisolum Tulloss & G. Wright nom. prov. (Spores: [100/5/3] (8.8-) 10.2 - 13.2 (-14.5) (6.8-) 7.5 - 9.2 (-10.8) m, (L = 11.5 - 12.0 m; L = 11.8 m; W = 8.3 - 8.6 m; W = 8.5 m; Q = (1.22-) 1.27 - 1.52 (-1.76); Q = 1.39 - 1.40; Q = 1.39).) [ image 34 ]

  3. prairiicola Peck (Spores: [700/34/11] (8.0-) 10.0 - 14.0 (-19.2) (5.2-) 6.4 - 10.0 (-12.2) m, (L = (10.4-) 11.0 - 13.3 (-13.7) m; L = 12.0 m; W = (6.5-) 6.6 - 9.6 (-9.7) m; W = 8.0 m; Q = (1.09-) 1.26 - 1.82 (-2.31); Q = (1.30-) 1.33 - 1.75 (-1.85); Q = 1.51).) [ image 35 ]

  4. smithiana Bas (Spores: [2022/102/91] (6.5-) 8.7 - 12.0 (-16.0) (4.3-) 5.8 - 8.0 (-10.8) m, (L = (8.6-) 9.4 - 11.2 (-11.7) m; L = 10.4 m; W = (5.5-) 6.0 - 7.4 (-7.8) m; W = 6.8 m; Q = (1.12-) 1.33 - 1.77 (-2.36); Q = (1.29-) 1.43 - 1.68 (-1.98); Q = 1.54).)

  5. species AZ12 (CMP  Spores: [20/1/1] (9.2-) 9.8 - 12.2 (-14.0) (4.2-) 4.5 - 5.8 (-6.2) m, (L = 10.7 m; W = 5.3 m; Q = (1.76-) 1.78 - 2.57 (-2.71); Q = 2.04).)
  6. 38. 39.

  7. species AZ13 (CMP (B, D).  Spores: [80/4/3] (9.1-) 9.8 - 13.8 (-16.2) (6.2-) 6.3 - 7.8 (-90) m, (L = 10.7 - 12.8 m; L = 11.6 m; W = 6.8 - 7.2 m; W = 7.0 m; Q = (1.32-) 1.43 - 2.0 (-2.21); Q = 1.53 - 1.89; Q = 1.67).) [ image 38 ]

  8. species AZ26 (CMP (A-B).  Spores: (8.5-) 8.8 - 11.5 (-12.5) (5.0-) 5.2 - 7.2 (-8.0) m; Q = 1.50 - 1.79). [ image 39 ]

Section Phalloideae --Stipe with a soft bulb and a membranous annulus.  Universal veil as a limbate volva (attached to top of bulb).  Cap margin not appendiculate.  No known taxa with clamped basidia.  Many, but not all taxa may contain amatoxins.
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[ N. Amer. Phal. Key ]

              40.

  1. bisporigera G. F. Atk. (CMP (B-C).  Spores: [452/19/16] (5.2-) 7.2 - 9.9 (-11.0) (4.8-) 6.5 - 8.6 (-10.0) m, (L = (7.8-) 7.9 - 9.2 (-9.6) m; L = 8.4 m; W = (7.0-) 7.1 - 8.1 (-8.2) m; W = 7.5 m; Q = (1.0-) 1.02 - 1.25 (-1.70); Q = (1.05-) 1.06 - 1.18 (-1.20); Q = 1.11).) [ image 40 ]

  2. virosa sensu auct. mex. (Spores: 9.8 - 11.6 (-12.6) 8.4 - 9.4 (-10.8); Q = 1.20).

  3. species affin. verna 

Section Validae --Stipe with a soft or firm basal bulb and a membranous annulus.  Universal veil may for a low rim around the margin of the bulb or may be entirely friable.  Cap margin not appendiculate.  No known taxa with clamped basidia.  Marginate species may contain bufotenine or related compounds.
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          43. 44.

  1. flavorubens (Berk.& Mont.) Sacc. (CMP (A-C).  Spores: [180/9/8] (7.4-) 7.8 - 11.0 (-12.6) (4.9-) 5.4 - 7.0 (-8.4) m, (L = 8.3 - 9.7 ( -10.7) m; L = 9.2 m; W = ( 5.5-) 5.7 - 6.6 m; W = 6.1 m; Q = (1.17-) 1.28 - 1.76 (-1.96); Q = ( 1.34-) 1.37 - 1.67; Q = 1.52).) [ image 43 ]

  2. novinupta Tulloss & J. Lindgr. (CMP (A).  Spores: [1477/73/42] (6.2-) 8.2 - 10.8 (-14.8) (4.2-) 5.5 - 7.2 (-8.8) m, (L = (8.1-) 8.6 - 10.2 (-11.0) m; L = 9.3 m; W = (5.5-) 6.0 - 6.8 (-7.2) m; W = 6.3 m; Q = (1.13-) 1.31 - 1.69 (-2.47); Q = (1.34-) 1.39 - 1.58 (-1.72); Q = 1.48).) [ image 44 ]

  3. species AZ1 (CMP (A-C).  Spores: (6.7-) 7.5 - 10.0 (-11.0) (5.2-) 5.5 - 7.5 (-8.5) m; Q = 1.38 - 1.50).

    46.
  4. species AZ10 (CMP (D).  Spores: [120/6/5] (7.8-) 8.2 - 10.5 (-11.5) (5.2-) 5.5 - 6.8 (-7.8) m, (L = 8.8 - 10.1 m; L = 9.2 m; W = 5.8 - 6.3 m; W = 6.0 m; Q = (1.31-) 1.36 - 1.69 (-1.81); Q = 1.43 - 1.61; Q = 1.53). [ image 46 ]

Genus Limacella 
Section Lubricae
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             47.

  1. glischra (Morgan) Murrill (Spores:[20/1/1] (3.6-) 3.9 - 4.6 (-5.3) 3.5 - 4.4 (-5.0) m, (L = 4.3 m; L = ? m; W = 3.9 m; W = ? m; Q = 1.03 - 1.15 (-1.16); Q = 1.10; Q = ?).) [ image 47 ]

  2. illinita (Fr.: Fr.) Earle var. illinita

  3. illinita var. agrillacea H. V. Sm. (Identification questionable. Spores: [5/1/1] 5.0 - 6.5 4.2 - 5.0 m; Q = 1.14 - 1.30).

BIBLIOGRAPHY
(partial and a bit out-of-date)
[ sectional links ]  [  top [ habitat information
[ meaning of biometric variables ]  [ Amanita Studies home ]

Bas, C. 1969. Morphology and subdivision of Amanita and a monograph of its section Lepidella,. Persoonia 5(4): 285-579.

Nishida, F. H., W. J. Sundberg. J. A. Menge, J. S. States, R. E. Tulloss and J. Cifuentes Blanco. 1992. Studies in the mycoflora of the Chiricahua Mountains, Cochise County, Arizona, U.S.A. I. Preliminary report on species distribution, ecology, and biogeographical affinities. Chiricahua Mountains Research Symposium. 16-17 August 1992: 35-38.

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Last change of this page: 21 February 2008.
This page is maintained by R. E. Tulloss.
Copyright 2006, 2007, 2008 by Rodham E. Tulloss.
For other copyrights of images see the relevant species pages.